Declaration of the National Medical Academy: World No Smoking Day 2022 :: EL HERALDO

Tobacco use, whether as cigarettes, cigars or other forms of consumption, has a significant negative impact on human health, killing more than 8 million people each year (7 million active smokers and more than 1 million non-smokers). affected by second and third hand).

There are 1.3 billion tobacco users in the world.

Tobacco contains more than 7,000 chemicals, of which at least 70 are linked to the development of cancer.

Tobacco use is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, cancer, diabetes and hypertension, as well as adverse effects on pregnancy.

Mortality due to tobacco consumption accounts for 15% of deaths from cardiovascular disease, 24% from cancer and 45% from chronic respiratory disease.

Tobacco is the only legitimate consumer product that kills up to half of smokers who use it regularly.

The life expectancy of smokers is at least 10 years less than that of non-smokers.

The treatment of tobacco-related diseases cost $ 422 billion in 2012, representing 5.7% of global health spending.

Tobacco use has a huge economic cost, as in addition to health care costs, it leads to a large loss of productivity in 2012, equivalent to 1436 billion, or 1.8 percent of world GDP.

The distribution of these costs, impressive in size, corresponds to 40% in developing countries.

The harmful effects of tobacco are not only those who use it directly, “first-hand smoke”, because in public or workplace and at home, those present, breathing air, if you smoke in these places, they also have a detrimental effect on health , known as “secondary smoking”.

There is another negative effect, called “third-hand smoking”, which is due to residues of tobacco smoke and their chemical constituents that remain on surfaces and dust if they smoke in this environment.

These substances pollute surfaces and the environment and react with oxidants and other components existing at this level, leading to secondary pollution.

This contamination leads to significant removal costs and can harm the health of the home, especially children.

School-age children exposed to second-hand and third-hand smoke may be exposed to those substances that would be responsible for increasing asthma due to the inflammation caused by such exposure.

Children and adolescents who use e-cigarettes are at least twice as likely to smoke cigarettes in their lifetime.

The negative effects of tobacco on health are clear. That is why it is important for the National Congress to ratify the WHO Framework Agreement on Tobacco Control (FCTC), which has been postponed for 20 years.

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