Migraine awareness

Be part of the campaign through our social networks.

Dr. Francesca Fiorito, a neurologist subspecializing in headaches, and Dr. Oscar Soto Raises, a member of the editorial board of the Journal of Medicine and Public Health. Photo: Journal of Medicine and Public Health.

In order to educate and raise awareness of the consequences of migraineon Dra. Francesca Fiorito, a certified neurologist and superspecialist in headaches, together with Dr. Oscar Soto Raises and the Journal of Medicine and Public Health invite you to participate in the campaign. #Shadesformigraine.

The goal, according to the expert, is for people to understand the importance of empathy for those patients who see their daily lives affected by these symptoms that cause disability.

The campaign seeks to make visible on social media, through #shadesformigraine, the faces of people who have suffered from the condition at a time and to accompany those who experience it daily.

If you want to participate, you just need to share your photo with glasses and tag @dra_franchesca_fiorito, @DrSoto and @revistamsp on instagram or tiktok. Be part of this process and sympathize!

In addition, the program, led and produced by the Journal of Medicine and Public Health, Experts in Health, will focus on migraine. Contact Dr. Oscar Soto Raises through Mega TV Miami this Friday, June 17 at 11 a.m. and Sunday at 8 p.m. on Mega TV Puerto Rico and www.medicinaysaludpublica.com.

Migraine: clinical aspects

IN migraine it is a very common disease, but for which there is still no cure or significant change in the damage it causes, despite all the efforts and talents of the scientific community around the world. However, it is known that there is a genetic factor, “a person is born predisposed, that is, it is part of one, like many other diseases, in most cases it is hereditary,” said the neurologist.

However, it has been shown that women are more likely to suffer from this condition, “it is estimated that 1 in 5 women suffer from migraineTherefore, the specialist urges patients to identify the triggers that exacerbate the condition, such as: diet, stress management, sleep disorders and others.

However, the specialist added that “the maximum that the patient should experience is four episodes, if it exceeds this number, he should be sent immediately for preventive treatment to reduce the frequency, duration and severity of seizures,” he said.

“Acute pain is when a patient has an attack all day, every day; It is important to clarify that a patient with migraine At one point you should feel maximum pain, so from now on apply, together with your doctor, a treatment that allows you to return to normal as soon as possible, “Fiorito explained.

He also pointed out that the disease has 4 levels of pain that affect the body in different ways, known as prodrome, aura, attack and postdrome.

The Journal of Medicine and Public Health (MPS) then explains the most important aspects of migraine and the four stages of the state: prodrome, aura, attack and postdrome.

The neurologist pointed out that not all people with migraines go through all the stages.


One or two days before a migraineyou may notice subtle changes that signal a migraine such as constipation, mood swings from depression to euphoria, hunger for food, stiff neck, increased thirst and urination, and frequent yawning.


In some people, the aura may appear before or during a migraine. The aura is a reversible symptom of the nervous system. They are generally visual, but may involve other changes. Each symptom usually begins gradually, accumulates in a few minutes and lasts from 20 to 60 minutes.

Among the examples of the aura of migraine are visual phenomena, such as depictions of various shapes, bright spots or flashes of light; loss of vision, numbness of the arm or leg, numbness or weakness in the face or side of the body, slurred speech, sensation of auditory noise or music, tremor or other uncontrollable movements


A migraine usually lasts four to 72 hours if left untreated. How often migraines occur varies from person to person. Migraines can be rare or occur several times a month.

During a migraine, you may have the following symptoms: pain, usually on one side of the head, but often on both sides; throbbing or throbbing pain, sensitivity to light, sound, and sometimes touch and smell, nausea and vomiting.


After an attack on migraine, you may feel exhausted, confused and powerless for up to a day. Some people report feeling euphoric. Sudden movement of the head can cause pain again.

The specific criteria consist of meeting the minimum symptoms that are usually observed in migraine. The first states that the person must have 2 of the following 4 manifestations:

* Moderate to severe pain.

* Throbbing or throbbing pain

* Pain on one side of the head

* Pain that is aggravated by physical activity

The second set of criteria consists of meeting at least 1 of the following two symptoms:

* Sensitivity to light and noise

* Nausea and / or vomiting.

It is important to emphasize that there are people who have all these manifestations, compared to others who meet the minimum criteria, but both will be diagnosed as migrainesupporting the concept that everyone migraine is different.