What is epidural anesthesia and why has it revolutionized modern medicine

Today it is common to hear about epidural anesthesia and its use in various types of interventions that require localized anesthesia. From pregnancies to operations on the legs, pelvis or genitals, epidural anesthesia has been before and since in modern anesthesia, but what is the origin of its invention and the benefits it has brought to humans?

Although the search for generating anesthesia to block the nerve trunks of the spinal cord or neuroaxial dates back to 1885, it was not until 1921 that real progress began to be made in the field. They were popularized by the Spanish doctor Fidel Pages, who had to go to war as a health specialist, and discovered this great problem, which was that he could not intoxicate the lower body to help the soldiers who had to to experience severe pain during interventions.

Page, tired of seeing the soldiers suffer in the operating room because of their serious injuries, began to think about how to relieve the pain. He began researching and writing articles on each step that progressed in this great discovery, until he finally found an effective and safe anesthetic, which he called epidural. The procedure and application of the same consists in the introduction of an injection in the back, more precisely in the epidural space, blocking the nerve endings at their exit from the spinal cord. This achieves safe anesthesia for the lower abdomen and lower limbs.

Anesthesiologists at Adaarc administer epidural anesthesia to a patient.

Today, thousands of cesarean sections use this type of anesthesia, which relieves pain and reduces pain in contractions with rapid recovery. In addition, studies have linked its use to a significantly reduced risk of serious maternal morbidity.

For all these reasons, epidural anesthesia is very commonly used in anesthesiology, and for this reason ADAARC improves its physician partners to ensure its proper use. For patients undergoing surgery, it is recommended to request an appointment in advance for all consultations they deem appropriate and to talk to the anesthesiologist and receive the relevant preoperative recommendations.

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